New Jersey



Process begins at week 14 of the pregnancy.  Once the case is filed, the issuance of the judgment can vary depending on the county in which the case is filed.  A court appearance by the Intended Parent's attorney may be required.

Married Hetero Couple

Unmarried Hetero Couple

Married Same-Sex Couple

Unmarried Same-Sex Couple

Single Parent

One Bio Connection

Two Bio Connections

No Bio Connections



Birth Certificates

Timing - Varies by county, but the typical time frame is 3-4 weeks.

Title - Parents can choose to be listed as father, parent, or mother.

GC - The initial birth certificate can include the name of the GC with the name of an IP.  The birth certificate can later be revised to remove the name of the GC.

statutes / case law

Gestational carrier arrangements are permitted by statute, New Jersey Revised Statutes Title 9.  Previously, compensated gestational carrier agreements/arrangements were unenforceable according to case law, A.H.W. and P.W. v. G.H.B. (2000) and In re T.J.S. (2012)

Is there a statute or published case law that addresses the rights of a donor over the resulting eggs, sperm, embryo or child?  Yes. N.J.S. 9:17-44.

If the statute only refers to sperm donors, is there case law interpreting this statute to provide the same protection in the egg donor context?  No.


County of the child's birthplace, county of the Intended Parent's residence, or county of the GC’s residence.

Do results vary by venue?  No.

Are motions to waive venue accepted?  Unknown.

Electronic signatures / e-notarizaTIONS

Traditional signatures and traditional notarizations required.

Second / step parent adoptions

Can the non-biological parent in a same-sex couple obtain a second parent adoption based solely on the fact that the child was born in the state (i.e., neither of the Intended Parents lives in the state)?  Yes, as long as the filing is completed within 3 months of the child(ren)'s birth.

Will courts grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to heterosexual couples living in the state?  Yes.

Does the couple need to be married?  No.
Will courts grant second parent adoptions or stepparent adoptions to same-sex couples living in the state? 

Does the couple need to be married?  No.

Of Counsel

Meryl B. Rosenberg

ART Parenting

1004 Willowleaf Way

Potomac, MD 20854

(301) 217-0074


Dominic A. Farole

Law Office of Dominic A. Farole, P.C.

4622 Cortland Drive, Ste. 1

Orefield, PA 18069

(610) 502-2720